This website titled www.diplomcy.net.in is the official website of the National Institute of Diplomacy (NID) established in the year 1985 and inaugurated by the then Union Minister for External Affairs Shri Bali Ram Bhagat on 14 November 1985 on the auspicious occasion of the Birth Anniversary of the First Prime Minister of India.
The main activities of National Institute of Diplomacy (NID) since its inception has been based on studies, training and research for understanding the relationships among all countries and the roles of the States, Inter-Governmental Organisations (IGOs), International Non-Governmental Organisations (INGOs), Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs), and the Multi-National Corporations (MNCs). The NID endorses the view that fields of Diplomacy as well as International Relations are both an Academic as well as a Public Policy field and can be either positive or normative as it both seeks to analyse and formulate the foreign policy of the particular country.
According to the NID, the fields of Diplomacy and International Relations draw upon such diverse areas as economics, history, international law, philosophy, geography, social work, sociology, anthropology, criminology, psychology, women’s studies / gender studies, and cultural studies. They involve a diverse range of issues including globalisation, state sovereignty, international security, ecological sustainability, nuclear proliferation, nationalism, economic development, global finance, terrorism, organised crime, human security, foreign interventionism and human rights.
The ability to practice diplomacy is one of the defining elements of a country. Diplomacy has been practiced since the inception of civilisation. Real world diplomatic relations are very different from intellectual debate in the academic world where an issue is debated on the merit of the arguments and negotiations make a deal by splitting the difference. Though diplomatic agreement can sometimes be reached among liberal democratic nations by appealing to higher principles, most real world diplomacy has traditionally been heavily influenced by hard power. Ancient India with its kingdoms and dynasties had a long traditions of diplomacy. The oldest treatise on statecrafts and diplomacy is attributed to Chanakya who was the principal advisor to Chandragupt Maurya the founder of the Maurya dynasty.The idea behind bringing out research publications on diplomacy under the aegis of NID is to strengthen the knowledge of all those working or intending to work in different international, transnational, regional, inter-governmental organisations besides the external affairs ministries of different governments for taking care of the psychological factors in international relations, bureaucratic politics, religious, ethnic and secessionist groups, international political economy and culturology